This research falls into two threads, Biodiversity and Community Ecology and Forest conservation.
Fungal litter-trapping systems are overlooked as contributors to canopy litter, yet they can retain more leaf litter than other systems, conservative estimates being around 100 kg/ha. They are most abundant in the first five meters of the forest understorey though they have been recorded up to heights of around fifteen metres in the canopy. These systems occur globally in moist tropical forest regions. Forming a network of dark thread-like rhizomorphs (a dense mass of hyphae) that attach to living vegetation the rhizomorph systems capture and securely retain falling leaf litter on its decent to the forest floor.
Snaddon, JL, Vun Khen, C., and Foster, W. F. (2015 in press) Nutrient piracy: evidence for the role of litter-trapping fungi in forest nutrient cycling in Sabah, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal Vol 67 (3)
Robert M Ewers, Michael JW Boyle, Rosalind A Gleave, Nichola S Plowman, Suzan Benedick, Henry Bernard, Tom R Bishop, Effendi Y Bakhtiar, Vun Khen Chey, Arthur YC Chung, Richard G Davies, David P Edwards, Paul Eggleton, Tom M Fayle, Stephen R Hardwick, Rahman Homathevi, Roger L Kitching, Min Sheng Khoo, Sarah H Luke, Joshua J March, Reuben Nilus, Marion Pfeifer, Sri V Rao, Adam C Sharp, Jake L Snaddon, Nigel E Stork, Matthew J Struebig, Oliver R Wearn, Kalsum M Yusah, Edgar C Turner (2015) Logging cuts the functional importance of invertebrates in tropical rainforest. Nature communications 6
Johnson, Sarah, Bose, Arshiya, Snaddon, Jake L. and Moss, Brian (2012) The role of earthworms in nitrogen and solute retention in a tropical forest in Sabah, Malaysia: a pilot study. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28, (6), 611-614. (doi:10.1017/S0266467412000624).
Snaddon, Jake L., Turner, Edgar C., Fayle, Tom M., Khen, Chey V., Eggleton, Paul and Foster, William A.(2012) Biodiversity hanging by a thread: the importance of fungal litter-trapping systems in tropical rainforests. Biology Letters, 8, (3), 397-400. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.1115).
Ewers, Robert M., Didham, Raphael K., Fahrig, Lenore, Ferraz, Gonçalo, Hector, Andy, Holt, Robert D., Kapos, Valerie, Reynolds, Glen, Sinun, Waidi, Snaddon, Jake L. and Turner, Edgar C. (2011) A large-scale forest fragmentation experiment: the stability of altered forest ecosystems project. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, (1582), 3292-3302. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0049).
Turner, Edgar C., Snaddon, Jake L., Johnson, Henry R. and Foster, William A. (2007) Short Communication. The impact of bird’s nest ferns on stemflow nutrient concentration in a primary rain forest, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 23, (06), 721-724. (doi:10.1017/S026646740700452X ).